I. Fishery Development and its Importance
With mild climate and abundant rainfall, Uganda has unique conditions and advantages for fishery industry development. It’s more than 200 fish species, full of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and clarias catfish (Clarias gariepinus). North African catfish is the most popular, accounting for 60 percent of Ugandan fish farming. In Uganda, about 1.2 million individuals are engaged in fishery industry, and nearly 5.3 million people take fishing for life. Fishery output value accounts for 20% of Uganda’s agricultural output, accounting for 5% of GDP.
Fish represents a lot of animal protein. It is usually lower in saturated fats, carbohydrates and cholesterol, supplies a wide variety of essential micro nutrients, and lowers cholesterol levels in blood and reduce incidence of high blood pressure and heart disease. The products of the new commercial fish culture have very important and significant contributions to the production and the national economy.
II. The Difficulties Faced by Fish Farmers in Uganda
Recent years, because of the illegal fishing and environmental pollution, production of the fishery has greatly decreased. With the fast development and great advancement of fish farming technology in other countries, Ugandan seems increasingly out of its depth due to difficulties faced by itself now.
Besides those problems stated earlier, based on a survey conducted by Fanway which can be specialized in manufacturing and providing international customers with quality feed pellets equipment, for most fish farmers in Uganda, they are facing 2 biggest problems: one is having less credit facilities considering the larger start up capital investment. Just like most fish farmers in other developing countries, such as for example in Indonesia and Nigeria, people in Uganda dare not invest in fish farm and other businesses rashly. Taking lagging economy out of consideration, the primary reason is weak credit mechanism.
III. The Opportunity to Develop Fishery in Uganda
The federal government provides financial credit, renew the fishery economic policy, encouraging everyone to make a fishery and learn advanced science and technology. Surveys indicate you will find plans to enhance fish outputs in Uganda. The ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries has completed drafting a new policy that seeks to promote farming in the united states through establishing aquaculture parks.The policy could go quite a distance towards reviving the dwindling fish volumes that when made Uganda a strong fish-exporting country. Government will identify specific areas in the united states which are suitable for fish farming and acquire the sites for concentrated production.
Because of the fast development of commercial aquaculture in Uganda, aquatic feed production industry keeps growing rapidly, the absolute most common-used fish meal being Feed Pellets. Because of the selection of species, the formula of feed is very important and the nutritional needs and quality of raw materials are the important thing to manufacture cost-effective and sustainable fish feed pellets. Besides that, the digestibility of nutrients and palatability of food also should be taken into consideration through the feed pellets production.